What is depression

Symptoms of a Depressive Episode

Symptoms must cause significant distress and last for at least two weeks.

Demographic Risks for Depression

  • Depressed mood
  • Loss of interest or pleasure
  • Significant weight
  • Change diminished concentration
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Fatigue
  • Nearly every day feelings of worthlessness
  • Recurring thoughts of death
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  • Women are 2x more likely to develop depression.
  • Family history of depression or similar disorders.
  • About 1 in 10 people will experience depression during their lifetime.
  • Poverty, unemployment, social isolation, and other stressful life events.
  • Most people experience their first depressive episode between ages 20 and 30.
  • Regular drug and alcohol use.


  • Psychotherapy
    (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)
  • CBT works by changing self-defeating thoughts and behaviours.
  • CBT is equally, if not more effective than medicine in many cases.
  • CBT is the most researched form of psychotherapy for depression.
  • Medication
  • (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors)
  • SSRIs increase the level of serotonin (a chemical related to depression) in the brain.
  • Studies suggest that SSRIs are the most effective when used to treat severe depression.
  • SSRIs don’t work overnight – it might take up to 6 weeks before they reach their full effect.

A combination of both psychotherapy and medication has been found to be the most effective treatment for depression.

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